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Discovery of Sound in the Sea
How is sound used to measure rainfall over the ocean? - References, Additional Links, and Resources
References

  • Ma, B.B., Nystuen, J.A., and Lien, R.-C. 2005, "Prediction of underwater sound levels from rain and wind." Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 117(6): 3555-3565. 
  • Nystuen, J.A. 2000, "NASA Earth Observatory Feature: Listening to Raindrops." (Link)
  • Nystuen, J.A. 2001, "Listening to raindrops from underwater: An acoustic disdrometer." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 18(10): 1640-1657. 
  • Nystuen, J.A., Amitai, E., Anagnostou, E.N., and Anagnostou, M.N. 2008, "Spatial averaging of oceanic rainfall variability using underwater sound: Ionian Sea rainfall experiment 2004." Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 123(4): 1952-1962. 
  • Wenz, G. M. 1962, "Acoustic ambient noise in the ocean: Spectra and sources." Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 34, 1936-1956. 
Additional Links on DOSITS

Additional Resources

  • Nystuen, J.A., "Applied Physics Laboratory, University of Washington: Air-Sea Exchange." (Link)
  • 2000, "Climate Change Gets Wet." Space Daily News, March 2, 2000. (Link)
  • "NASA Earth Observatory: Listening to Raindrops." (Link)