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Discovery of Sound in the Sea
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  1. Thompson, D'Arcy Wentworth; Aristotle (c. 350 BC). 1910, "The History of Animals." Translated by D'Arcy Wentworth Thompson. Clarendon Press, London. 231pp. 
  2. Filadelfo, R., Mintz, J., Michlovich, E., D’Amico, A., Tyack, P. L., and Ketten, D. R. 2009, "Correlating military sonar use with beaked whale mass strandings: What do the historical data show?" Aquatic Mammals. 35, 435-444. 
  3. D'Amico, A., Gisiner, R. C., Ketten, D. R., Hammock, J. A., Johnson, C., Tyack, P. L. and Mead J. G. 2009, "Beaked whale strandings and naval exercises." Aquatic Mammals. 35, 452-472. 
  4. National Research Council. 2003, "Ocean Noise and Marine Mammals." The National Academies Press, Washington, D.C. 
  5. Evans, D.L., and England, G.R. 2001, "Joint Interim Report Bahamas Marine Mammal Stranding Event 15-16 March 2000." Department of the Navy and Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Washington, D.C. (Link)
  6. Ketten, D.R. 2014, "Sonars and Strandings: Are Beaked Whales the Aquatic Acoustic Canary?" Acoustics Today. 10(3): 46-56. (Link)
  7. Frantzis, A. 1998, "Does acoustic testing strand whales." Nature 392(6671): 29. 
  8. D'Amico, A., and Verboom, W. eds. 1998, "Summary Record and Report, SACLANTCEN Bioacoustics Panel, La Spezia, Italy, 15-17 June 1998." SACLANT Undersea Research Centre. 
  9. Ketten, D.R. 2005, "Beaked Whale Necropsy Findings for Strandings in the Bahamas, Puerto Rico, and Madeira, 1999-2002." Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Technical Publication WHOI-2005-09. 36 pp. (Link)
  10. Ketten, D. R., Rowles, T., Cramer, S., O'Malley, J., Arruda, J., and Evans, P. G. H. 2004, "Cranial trauma in beaked whales." Proceedings of the Workshop on Active Sonar and Cetaceans. European Cetacean Society News 42, 21-27. 
  11. Freitas, L. 2004, "The stranding of three Cuvier’s beaked whales, Ziphius cavirostris, in Madeira archipelago." European Cetacean Society Newsletter, 42:28-32. 
  12. Jepson, P.D., Arbelo, M., Deaville, R., Patterson, I.A.P., Castro, P., Baker, J.R., Degollada, E., Ross, H.M., Herraez, P., Pocknell, A.M., Rodriguez, F., Howie, F.E., Espinosa, A., Reid, R.J., Jaber, J.R., Martin, V., Cunningham, A.A. and Fernandez, A. 2003, "Gas-bubble lesions in stranded cetaceans." Nature 425(6958): 575-576. 
  13. Fernandez, A., Edwards, J. F., Rodriguez, F., Espinosa de los Monteros, A., Herraez, P., Castro, P., Jaber, J. R., Martin, V. and Arbelo, M. 2005, "'Gas and fat embolic syndrome' involving a mass stranding of beaked whales (Family Ziphiidae) exposed to anthropogenic sonar signals." Veterinary Pathology 42: 446-457. 
  14. Fernandez, A., E. Sierra, V. Martin, M Mendes, S. Sacchinni, Y. Bernaldo de Quiros, M. Andrada, M. Rivero, O. Quesada, M. Tejedor, and M. Arbelo. 2012, "Last “Atypical” Beaked Whales Mass Stranding in the Canary Islands (July, 2004)." Journal of Marine Science: Research & Development 2:107, 3 pp. doi:10.4172/2155-9910.10001077. 
  15. Finneran, J.J. 2003, "Whole-lung resonance in a bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) and white whale (Delphinapterus leucas)" Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 114(1): 529-535. 
  16. Houser, D.S., Howard, R. and Ridgway, S. 2001, "Can diving-induced tissue nitrogen supersaturation increase the chance of acoustically driven bubble growth in marine mammals." Journal of Theoretical Biology 213(2): 183-195. 
  17. Tyack, P.L., Johnson, M., Aguilar de Soto, N., Sturlese, A., and Madsen, P.T. 2006, "Extreme diving of beaked whales." The Journal of Experimental Biology. 209: 4238-4253. 
  18. Fahlman, A., Olszowka, A., Bostrom, B. and Jones, D. R. 2006, "Deep diving mammals: Dive behavior and circulatory adjustments contribute to bends avoidance." Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology. 153, 66-77. 
  19. Zimmer, W. M. X. and Tyack, P. L. 2007, "Repetitive shallow dives pose decompression risk in deep-diving beaked whales." Marine Mammal Science. 23(4), 888-925. 
  20. Hooker, S. K., Baird, R. W., and Fahlman, A. 2009, "Could beaked whales get the bends? Effect of diving behaviour and physiology on modelled gas exchange for three species: Ziphius cavirostris, Mesoplodon densirostris, and Hyperoodon ampullatus" Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology. 
  21. Moore, M.J. and Early, G.A. 2004, "Cumulative sperm whale bone damage and the bends." Science 306 (24 December 2004): 2215. 
  22. Crum, L.A., and Mao, Y. 1996, "Acoustically enhanced bubble growth at low frequencies and its implications for human diver and marine mammal safety." Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 99(5): 2898-2907. 
  23. Crum, L. A., Bailey, M. R., Guan, J., Hilmo, P. R., Kargl, S. G., Matula, T. J. and Sapozhnikov, O. A. 2005, "Monitoring bubble growth in supersaturated blood and tissue ex vivo and the relevance to marine mammal bioeffects." Acoustics Research Letters Online 6(3): 214-220. 
  24. D'Spain, G.L., D'Amico, A., and Fromm, D.M. 2006, "Properties of the underwater sound fields during some well documented beaked whale mass stranding events." Journal of Cetacean Research and Management. 7(3):223-238. 
  25. Tyack, P. L., Zimmer,W. M. X., Moretti, D., Southall, B. L., Claridge, D. E., Durban, J. W., Clark, C. W., D’Amico, A., DiMarzio, N., Jarvis, S., McCarthy, E., Morrissey, R., Ward, J., and Boyd, I. L. 2011, "Beaked Whales Respond to Simulated and Actual Navy Sonar." PLoS ONE 6:e17009. doi:17010.11371/journal.pone.0017009. (Link)
  • Cox, T.M, Ragen, T.J., Read, A.J., Vos, E., Baird, R.W., Balcomb, K., Barlow, J., Caldwell, J., Cranford, T., Crum, L., D’Amico, A., D’Spain, G., Fernandez, A., Finneran, J., Gentry, R., Gerth, W., Gulland, F., Hildebrand, J., Houser, D., Hullar, T., Jepson, P.D., Ketten, D., MacLeod, C.D., Miller, P., Moore, S., Moundain, D.C., Palka, D., Ponganis, P., rommel, S., Rowles, T., Taylor, B.,Tyack, P., Wartzok, R. Gisiner, Mead, J., and Benner, L. 2006, "Understanding the impacts of anthropogenic sound on beaked whales." The Journal of Cetacean Research and Management. 7(3):177-187. 
  • Fernández, A., Arbelo, M., Deaville, R., Patterson, I.A.P., Castro, P., Baker, J.R., Degollada, E., Ross, H.M., Herráez, P., Pocknell, A.M., Rodríguez, E., Howie, F.E., Espinosa, A., Reid, R.J., Jaber, J.R., Martin, V., Cunningham, A.A. and Jepson, P.D. 2004, "Pathology: Whales, sonar and decompression sickness (reply)" Nature 428(15 Apr 2004) 
  • Houser, D. S., Dankiewicz-Talmadge, L. A., Stockard, T. K., and Ponganis, P. J. 2010, "Investigation of the potential for vascular bubble formation in a repetitively diving dolphin." Journal of Experimental Biology. 213, 52-62. 
  • National Marine Fisheries Service. 2000, "Annual Report to Congress: 1999-2000 Administration of the Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972." National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries Service (NOAA Fisheries), Silver Spring, Maryland. 105 pp. (Link)
  • Piantadosi, C.A. and Thalmann, E.D. 2004, "Pathology: Whales, sonar and decompression sickness." Nature 428(15 Apr 2004) 
Additional Resources

  • June 2009, "Ask the Expert: Why do whales beach themselves?" Scientific American. (Link)
  • NOAA Fisheries Ocean Acoustics Program, "Behavioral Response Studies." (Link)
  • Ketten, D.R. 2002, "Marine mammal auditory systems: a summary of audiometric and anatomical data and implications for underwater acoustic impacts." Polarforschung 72(2/3), 79-92. 
  • Ketten, D. R. 1998, "Marine mammal hearing and acoustic trauma: Basic mechanisms, marine adaptations, and beaked whale anomalies." Pages 2-61 - 62-71 in A. D'Amico and W. Verboom, editors. Report of the Bioacoustics Panel. NATO/SACLANT. (Link)
  • April 2009, "Marine Mammal Research Pioneer." Live Better Magazine. (Link)
  • "Solving the mysteries of marine mammal unusual mortality events." NOAA Magazine. December 15, 2003. (Link)
  • "Southern California Behavioral Response Study (SOCAL-BRS)" (Link)
  • "Tracking Noise, and Whales, in the western Mediterranean (MED 09)" (Link)